Born c.1816, Scotland. Died 12 April 1893, Richmond, Natal.

Schoolmaster, agriculturist.

1816.00.00c.   Born. Date calculated from age at death. (RGR)

1841.00.00      Family of a William McKenzie and his wife Elizabeth Stevens listed. Included is their daughter Jane (Jean)**.   With them is William McKenzie, Schoolmaster. (1841 census return for Instack, Dunnet, Caithness, via S.J.)

1843.01.14      William McKenzie, teacher in Staxigoe was matrimonially contracted to marry Jean McKenzie in Wick.  Alexander Davidson, of Wick, was the witness for the man and Donald McKenzie, Killiminster, was witness for the woman. (Marriage Register, Wick Parish, Caithness via S.J.)

1845c.             Daughter Elizabeth born at Lieurary, Caithness, Scotland. (Year of birth calculated from age on marriage licence CSO 2284, 25.05.1863. Place of birth taken from newspaper obituary 07.03.1930 in Flett scrapbook.)

1849c.             Robert Alexander McKenzie, lawful son, born to William McKenzie and Jane McKenzie in Lieurary, Halkirk. (Year of birth calculated from age on marriage licence CSO 2284 04.02.1873. Place of birth via S.J.)

1850.03.14      Presentation. On the evening of the 14th the young men connected with the Educational Association at Lieurary presented their late teacher Mr McKenzie with an address and a handsome dressing case previous to his leaving for Port Natal, South Africa, where he and Mrs McKenzie are going as male and female teachers in connection with the Free Church emigrants going from Glasgow. They carry with them the best wishes for their future happiness and prosperity from all their friends at Lieurary and the neighbourhood. (John O’Groats Journal 22.03.1850 via S.J.)

1850.03.29      The Conquering Hero, a 320 ton brig sailed from Glasgow, calling at Greenock, with 127 emigrants on board. Among these were William McKenzie, 32, teacher, his wife Jane, 31, and their children Elizabeth and Robert. (J.C.)

Acted as teacher aboard the Conquering Hero.  (NW 12.06.1857)

1850.06.28      The Conquering Hero arrived at Port Natal. McKenzie was allocated 50 acres of land. (J.C.)

On arrival here he established a private school in Pietermaritzburg and got 35 pupils.  (NW 12.06.1857)

1850.08.07      By this date McKenzie, an agriculturist and teacher, his wife Jean and their two boys (sic) were at Illovo. (G.M.)

According to what Elizabeth [Marwick born McKenzie] wrote later, after a short time in Durban, the family was taken to Richmond by Dirk Uys, a Dutch farmer.  McKenzie had expected things to be organised as in Scotland and thought a house would be ready when they arrived – he was after all the new schoolmaster, a respected member of society.  However, there was nothing.  Uys suggested they build a shelter by covering their four-poster with a tarpaulin he had lent them.  He also lent them a cow so the children could have milk.  Their next dwelling was a hartebeest house …  Later McKenzie himself built a stone house … here they lived until they moved to Pietermaritzburg. (E.B. pp. 24-26)

1850.08.30      Mackenzie (sic), William – trained in Edinburgh Normal School, opening an academy. (NW 30.08.1850)

1850.09.02      Letter written by McKenzie in Durban and addressed to John Moreland* [Moreland, John Swales, Byrne & Co’s agent in Natal] stating that Messrs Byrne & Co. had failed to provide buildings etc. on Illovo for purposes of a school … A grant of 50 acres was to be given towards a school on the settlement founded by immigrants on the same vessel as Mr McKenzie and he knows no demur by me to carry out promise, if he were to keep his part of the contract.  (NI 06.09.1850)

1850.09.03      Trained in the Edinburgh Normal School. Came to take charge of the school at the Illovo. Disappointed by the failure of J.C. Byrne & Co. in carrying out their arrangements for providing a building etc., intends opening an academy for children of both sexes under his and Mrs McKenzie’s care. (NGG 03.09.1850)

1850.09.05      Moreland wrote a letter to the paper denying McKenzie’s claim that Byrne & Co. had arranged to provide buildings etc. on the Illovo for the purpose of a school.  (Supplement on Minerva inquiry in NI 05.09.1850)

1850.09.13      McKenzie in reply to Moreland writes – Byrne promised to send a minister along with me, and that they were to give £50 towards erection of a church and school, in locality where the Conquering Hero emigrants were located. Byrne could not get a minister and so the church was not required for some months, so the agent could be more liberal with money for schools.  I need not detail Mr Moreland’s unreasonable requests from me, regarding a school or my miseries since arrival, especially during the months that I and my family lay exposed in the open air on the Illovo.  (NI 13.09.1850)

1850.09.20      McKenzie, who came by the Conquering Hero, has thought proper, after the utmost kindness that had been shown him, to make a statement in the Natal Witness to the effect that Messrs Byrne & Co. had failed to carry out their arrangements with him … (Moreland to Byrne in Moreland Papers).

1850.10.07      George Challinor* [Challinor, George] wrote to McKenzie from Durban on behalf of Moreland asking what had become of the school library put on board the Conquering Hero and entrusted to his care for the use of the emigrants on that ship. Letter addressed to Mr Wm. McKenzie, Schoolmaster, Pietermaritzburg.  (Challinor to McKenzie in Moreland’s Correspondence Book 4 p.141)

1851.04.09      Letter by Moreland to D.D. Buchanan* [Buchanan, David Dale], editor of the Natal Witness.  In September last a letter appeared in the Natal Witness signed by Mr Wm. McKenzie, passenger Conquering Hero, complaining in severe terms of cruel treatment received at my hands, of Mr Buchanan’s misrepresentation and my want of integrity in failing to carry out engagements of Mr Byrne in England or statements to that effect.  Said Mr McKenzie now affirms that you D.D. Buchanan, editor of the Natal Witness, were not only the instigator but the concoctor of that malicious document.  (NI 10.04.1851)

1851.04c.        Memorial of heads of families in and around Richmond – an efficient schoolmaster and schoolmistress are very desirable, but can’t at the moment be arranged without public aid.  Asking for a sum from public funds.  Mr and Mrs McKenzie who came to Natal with the intention of settling in the locality were unable to do so six months ago and are now conducting a respectable seminary in Pietermaritzburg, but are holding themselves ready to return here as soon as provision is made to warrant their permanent settlement. Their testimonials are enclosed.  Answer by Moodie* [Moodie, Donald], they are requested to state the number of children and amount they are able to contribute so that a decision can be made.  (CSO 2241 no. 48)

1851.06.00      On invitation of fellow passengers McKenzie repaired to Richmond and established a school there. Local government responded to an application of inhabitants by an annual grant of £50 for supporting him as a public teacher. (NW 00.06.1851)

1851.06.28      Son John William born.  Parents William and Jane McKenzie. (R. St J. Pmb.)

1852.03.13      Writing from Richmond School, is entitled to 60 acres under Byrne scheme. Land was only surveyed and allotted to him last January – now finds he has to pay £1.11s. for deed, stamp etc. which was not exacted from other Byrne emigrants. Asks for same treatment as others.  Agreed to.  (CSO 16(2) no. 133)

1852.04.23      Writing to Government from Richmond School, offering to act as postmaster – can get the mails conveyed with greater facility to the rural districts, by means of his pupils, than anyone else in the area, and can do it for less than anyone else as it won’t interfere with his other avocations.  Answer: filed. (CSO 16(2) no. 133)

1852.10.21      Appointed to be Government teacher, Richmond.  (NI 21.10.1852)Appointed by a committee of three – Nicholson, Shaw and Aitken. (Moreland’s field diary)

1852.00.00      Postmaster, Richmond.  (NBB)

1854.00.00      Government teacher and Postmaster, Richmond.  (Ibid)

1854.04.21      Son Alfred Charles born. Parents William and Jane McKenzie.  (R. St J. Pmb.)

1854.07.25      Postmaster, Richmond, owner (NGG 25.07.1854)

1854.08.08      Farmer, Richmond, owner.  (Ibid 08.08.1854)

1855.00.00      Public teacher, Richmond.  (NBB)

1857.03.02      The village school was undertaken as a Government work by a Scotchman, who so entirely neglected his task, that the children were growing up in utter ignorance – very few even pretending to attend school.  Good Mrs Fearne [Wife of Fearne, Revd Thomas Gleadow*] took pity on them, and opened a school in her own house for such as chose to come (Letter written in Richmond by Mrs Eliza Feilden.  (MAH p.329)

1857.04.17      Son James Trail born and baptised, Richmond. Parents William and Jean McKenzie.  (R. Indaleni)

1857.05.14      Letter from A.C. Hawkins* [Hawkins, Arthur Caesar], Resident Magistrate, Richmond to Colonial Secretary in response to his letter dated 16 January 1857 requesting an inspection of schools receiving government aid in that Division.  Hawkins says he visited the school in the village on 7th April and found there were only three children present over and above the four children and nephew of Mr McKenzie the schoolmaster and that the children’s learning was not up to standard.  That upwards of twenty children who previously attended the school had been withdrawn because their parents were dissatisfied with their progress.  That Mr McKenzie had held the position of schoolmaster for over five years during which time the people of Richmond had laid no complaint against him, but as the purpose of the school does not appear to be adequately fulfilled by him recommends that he be replaced by someone more competent. Suggests the appointment of a commission to investigate since Mr McKenzie has held the post for so long.

(RMLB 1 p.131)

1857.05.21      A letter of this date addressed to Mr McKenzie, Schoolmaster, Richmond, enclosed a copy of a letter from the Colonial Secretary saying a commission will meet tomorrow. (Ibid p.134)

1857.06.00      He had been a teacher for the last twenty two years.  A commission consisting of the Revds Campbell* [Campbell, Revd William], Green* [Green, Revd James] and Pearse* [Pearse, Revd Horatio] was appointed to examine his school and on their report he was summarily dismissed at three weeks’ notice from a situation he had held for six years.  A rival school has been established.  (NW 00.06.1857)

1857.06.08      William McKenzie, government teacher of Richmond, made a petition to the Legislative Council which was presented on 9 June.  In it he protests against his dismissal as schoolmaster.  States that he trained as a teacher in Edinburgh Normal School and has taught for twenty two years.  Came out on the Conquering Hero in 1850 and taught on board.  On arrival he established a private school in Pietermaritzburg with thirty five pupils. Then, on the invitation of his fellow passengers, he moved to Richmond and established a school there in June 1851 receiving a grant of £50 from the government.  In 1857 a commission consisting of the Revds Campbell, Green and Pearse was appointed to examine his school and, so far as he knows, found no fault apart from a small number of pupils and the books and apparatus not as good as might be desired which, he points out, is hardly surprising considering the limited means at his disposal.  He protests against the establishment of a rival school under the aegis of the Church and points out that the members of the commission belonged to this Church.  He considers it most unfair to be deprived of his situation held for six years at three weeks’ notice and without the opportunity of answering complaints – if any – against him.  He built a schoolroom and his wife helped with the female pupils.  (NPP 243 no.15)

1857.07.16      Richmond Schoolmaster William McKenzie dropped his petition as the inhabitants prefer the new school to the old.  (NM 16.07.1857)

1858.05.31      Purchased 50 acres in Richmond vicinity in trust for his son.  Purchase made from fellow Passenger Neil Milloy* [Milloy, Neil].  Had not been able to pay survey fees and now finds he requires special authority from the governor to take possession.  Requests same.  Reply – had he also bought the village allotment?  If so, forward to office the declaration of sale by Milloy and proof of payment of purchase price.  (CSO 2248 no. E48)

1858.08.09      Did purchase the country allotment and village plot.  Has land certificates for both (Ibid no. E38).

1858.08.25      Lt Governor waives the right of forfeiture over Milloy’s land (Ibid no. E91)

1859.02.06      Daughter Isabella Christina born and baptised by Revd Jackson* [Jackson, Revd Joseph]. (R. Indaleni)

1859.03.29      William McKenzie, farmer, and John McKenzie, blacksmith, of Richmond, applied for emigration of McKenzie, Alex, 50; Carslan Stroning [unverified], Scotland, mason and farmer; Elizabeth, 36; Christina, 21; David, 11; Margaret, 10;  Marcus, 9;  Isabella, 7;  Ebenezer,5;  Noll——?,3; Mary, infant. (EI Vol.1 p.257)

1862.11.05      Writing from Richmond he describes himself as formerly Postmaster and public teacher at Richmond.  The letter is about a land grant he had applied for in 1857 and had not received.  For this he blames the office of the Surveyor General because they had not advised him when a certain piece of land was available.  He had been deprived of the emoluments derived from the public school and post office at Richmond and has been obliged to subsist by cultivating his emigrant allotment and three such small lots seven miles apart, the whole of his landed property, which is quite inadequate for his wants with a large family.  Asks for a land grant.   Answer: Had he followed up his claim immediately the Lt Governor would have been able to test its validity but, after a lapse of five years, is unable to recognise his claim.  (CSO 2252 no. F126)

1863.05.25      Elizabeth McKenzie, 18, born in Caithness, now of Richmond and Thomas Marwick, 28, born in Orkney, Scotland, now of Indaleni, Richmond, took out a licence to marry.  Licence taken out in Richmond.  (CSO 2284)

1863.05.00      Daughter Elizabeth, 18, married Thomas Marwick.  Marriage solemnised in house of her father.  (R. Indaleni)

1867.10.08      McKenzie, Wm, Richmond, staying at Macdonald’s.  Daily visits by Dr Aldridge 8 – 31 October 1867.  (Dr Aldridge’s ledger p.492)

1871.07.02      Is he the McKenzie whose house near Richmond burnt down? (J. H. Diary 08.07.1871)

1873.02.04      Son Robert Alexander McKenzie, 24, born in Caithness and Margaret Elizabeth Davidson, 20, born in Pine Town, took out a licence to marry.  Licence taken out in Durban. Father gave consent.  (CSO 2286)

1873.02.25      Married at Underwood, the residence of the bride’s father, by the Revd T.E. Robinson, Robert Alexander, eldest son of William McKenzie of Richmond, to Margaret Elizabeth, second daughter of Mr P.T. Davidson* [Davidson, Peter Patrick Johnston] of Pine Town. (N.M. 27.02.1873)

1873.03.15      Transfer of farm Process Kraal to Robert Alexander McKenzie, John William McKenzie and Thomas Marwick authorised.  (RSC 1/8/51 no.4784)

1873.04.08      Writing to Lt Governor Erskine from Lilydell enclosing a renewal of his application for a land grant of 1857.  Asks the Lt Governor to attend to same before he leaves – he lost £600 by fire in 1871 and in December of same year £50 worth of cattle by lightning and now has already lost £100 worth of stock by Red Water and does not know when it will end.  (CSO 2261 no.H94)

1873.06.11      Writing from Lilydell again – very aggrieved   that he has not been given a grant; feels the officials are discriminating against him.  Erskine’s instruction was to reply saying he had nothing to add to his previous letter.  (CSO 2262 no.H163)

1873.10.00      Son James Trail died aged 16.  (Tomb RWC)

McKenzie, James Trail died aged 17.  Father informed.  (RGR)

1874.03.03      Writing from Lily Dell, says he has been unjustly deprived of his grant of town land since 1857 and during the last sixteen years has exhausted all means at his command and now there seems no resource left but a suit at law – says he will demand £1500 damages – does not want to go to law if it can be avoided.  Surveyor General’s report says he was basing his claim for 3 000 acres under Proclamation 29 April 1857 on the assertion that he had made an application for land.  Surveyor General denies any such application, there is nothing in his records, therefore he opines the claim cannot be entertained. (CSO 2266 no. H518)

1874.11.21      John William McKenzie, 23, born in Richmond, and Elizabeth Frances Blake, 26, born in Kilkenny, took out a licence to marry.  Licence taken out in Pietermaritzburg.  (CSO 2286)

                        Married at Maritzburg, John William, second son of William McKenzie, Richmond, to Elizabeth Frances, third daughter of Peter Blake, J.J.R.  J.C., Kilkenny, Ireland. (NM 26.11.1874)

John William McKenzie married Elizabeth Frances Blake.  (R. St J., Pmb.)

1878..08.00     Son Alfred Charles MacKenzie (sic), 25, farmer, married Jane Margaret, both of Richmond.  (R. Indaleni)

1878.08.20      Married at Oak Cottage, Richmond, Alfred Charles, third son of W. McKenzie to Jane Margaret, youngest daughter of the late Peter Blake C.J., County Tipperary, Ireland.  (NW 24.08.1878)

Married at Oak Cottage, Richmond, Alfred Charles McKenzie, third son of W. McKenzie, to Jane Margaret, youngest daughter of the late Peter Blake, County Inspector R.I.C., Tipperary, Ireland.  (NM 28.08.1878)

1881.10.01      Isabella Christina McKenzie, 22, born in Richmond, and Henry Nicholson, 27, born in Richmond, took out a licence to marry.  Licence taken out in Pietermaritzburg.  (CSO 2287)

1881.11.17      Married at the Wesleyan Chapel, Durban, Henry, third son of the late J.D. Nicholson* [Nicholson, John Duggleby] to Isabel (Teenie), youngest daughter of W. McKenzie of Richmond.  (NW 18.11.1881)

1886.07.00      Wife Jane died aged 70. (RGR)

1886.07.30      Jane McKenzie, wife of William, of Lily Dell, Richmond died aged 70 years. (NW 02.08.1886)

1893.04.00      William McKenzie, farmer, died aged 76.  (RGR)

1893.04.12      Mackenzie (sic), William, of Lily Dell, Richmond, died at Richmond aged 76.  Will dated 31 January 1893. (MSCE 43/1893)

McKenzie, William died at Lily Dell aged 76 years, the head of the McKenzie clan in the Richmond neighbourhood.  He was one of the earliest settlers of this district and one of Natal’s pioneers, coming out in the Conquering Hero in 1850.  For a time he was engaged in teaching but afterwards acquired large tracts of land in the neighbourhood of Richmond, planting them with trees which became the ornament of the district.  On a portion of this land he carried on brick making on an extensive scale, most of the buildings in Richmond being erected with his bricks.  He was a staunch abstainer and a shrewd man of business.  He leaves a large family – J.W. McKenzie of Deepdene, Robert McKenzie, Alfred McKenzie, Mrs Marwick and Mrs Henry Nicholson and a large number of grandchildren.  (NW 15.04.1893)

CHILDREN

Elizabeth (1845c., Lieurary, Caithness, Scotland – 1930.03.00, Pietermaritzburg)

1845 c.            Born at Lieurary. (Year of b. calculated from age given on marriage licence CSO 2284, 25.05.1863. Place of b. taken from newspaper obit. 07.03.1930 in Flett scrapbook no. 2, p.18)

1850.06.28      Arrived at Port Natal on board the Conquering Hero with parents and brother. (J.C.)

1863.05.25      Elizabeth McKenzie, 18, born Caithness, now of Richmond and Thomas Marwick, 28, born Orkney, Scotland, now of Indaleni, Richmond, took out licence to marry. Licence taken out in Richmond. (CSO 2284) 

1863.05.28      Married by the Revd James Langley, Indaleni, by special licence Mr Thomas Marwick to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of W. McKenzie, Lilydell, near Richmond. (NM 00.06.63)

1873.03.15      Transfer of farm Process Kraal to Robert Alexander McKenzie, John William McKenzie and Thomas Marwick authorised. (RSC 1/8/51 no. 4784)

1913.05.28      Mr and Mrs Thomas Marwick celebrated their Golden Wedding. Married at Lily Dell, the home of the bride’s parents, they had spent almost the whole of those fifty years within a few miles of that spot. At the time of the celebration seven of their ten children were still alive. (NW 16.06.1913)

1921.07.08      Marwick, Thomas (retired wagon builder) died at 396 Musgrave Road, Durban, aged 87. Buried Wesleyan Cemetery (DGRD).

Thomas Marwick died aged 87. (R. Wes., Dbn)

1930.03.00      Elizabeth Marwick born Scotland, widow, died aged 85 (RGR).

She died in Pietermaritzburg. (Fuller Scrapbook no. 2, p.18)

Robert Alexander (1849 c., Lieurary, Halkirk, Scotland – 04.07.1922, Durban)

1849 c.            Robert Alexander lawful son born to William McKenzie and Jane McKenzie in Lieurary, Halkirk, Scotland. (Year of birth calculated from age on marriage licence CSO 2286, 04.02.1873. Place of birth via S.J.)

1850.06.28      Arrived at Port Natal on board the Conquering Hero with parents and sister. (J.C.)

1873.02.04      Robert Alexander, 24, born Caithness and Margaret Elizabeth Davidson, 20, born Pine Town took out licence to marry. Father consents. Licence taken out in Durban. (CSO 2286)

1873.02.25      Married at Underwood, the residence of the bride’s father, by the Revd T.E. Robinson, Robert Alexander, eldest son of William McKenzie of Richmond, to Margaret Elizabeth, second daughter of Mr P.T. Davidson* [Davidson, Peter Patrick Johnston] of Pinetown. (NM 27.02.73)

1873.02.00      McKenzie and Davidson married. He was a wagon maker of Richmond aged 24 and she was 19. (R. St J., PT)

1873.03.15      Transfer of farm Process Kraal to Robert Alexander McKenzie, John William McKenzie and Thomas Marwick authorised. (RSC 1/8/51 no. 4784)

1915.09.00      Wife Margaret Elizabeth died aged 62. (RGR)(Tomb RGC)

1915.09.13      Wife died. (MSC 7464/1922)

1922.07.00      Robert Alexander died aged 74. (Tomb RGC)

1922.07.04      Mackenzie (sic) Robert Alexander, 74, died at 17 Linden Road, Durban, buried in Richmond. (DDD).

Died at 171 Louden Road, Durban, aged 74. Was a widower of Orange Grove, Richmond and was born in Scotland. He owned farms in the Ixopo Division and Orange grove at Richmond. (MSC 7464/1922)

John William (28.06.1851, Richmond – 00.10.1922, Deepdene, Richmond)

1851.06.28      Born. Parents William and Jane McKenzie. (R. St J., Pmb.)

1852.03.07      Bapt. (Ibid)

1873.03.15      Transfer of farm Process Kraal to Robert Alexander McKenzie, John William McKenzie and Thomas Marwick authorised. (RSC 1/8/51 No 4784)

1874.11.21      John William McKenzie, 23, born Richmond and Elizabeth Frances Blake, 26, born Kilkenny took out licence to marry. Licence taken out in Richmond. (CS0 2286).

John William, second son of William McKenzie, Richmond, married to Elizabeth Frances, third daughter of the late Peter Blake, J.J.R., J.G., Kilkenny, Ireland. (NM 26/11/74)

1894.12.10      In a letter written to the Colonial Secretary, J.W Mckenzie states that he sent at least 600 Africans annually to the goldfields. (CSO 1416 no. 6507)

1922.10.00      McKenzie, John William of Deepdene died aged 71. (R. St M., R.)

McKenzie, John William, 71, born Richmond, farmer, died at Deepdene. (RGR)

John William McKenzie of Deepdene died aged 71. (Tomb RGC)

J.W McKenzie was a labour contractor. (Dhupelia)

His Zulu name was Mcondo. (B.D.)

1929.07.00      McKenzie, Elizabeth Frances of Deepdene died aged 81. (R. St M., R.)

McKenzie, Elizabeth Frances (born Blake) died aged 81yrs 7mths, born Galway, Ireland, widow, of Deepdene, Richmond. (RGR).

Elizabeth Frances McKenzie died aged 81. (Tomb RGC)

Alfred Charles (21.04.1854, Richmond – 00.12.1914, Umkomaas)

1854.04.21      Born. Parents William and Jane McKenzie. (R. St J., Pmb.)

1854.07.02      Baptised. (Ibid)

1878.08.00      Alfred Charles Mackenzie (sic), 25, farmer, married Jane Margaret Blake, both of Richmond. (R. Indaleni)

1878.08.20      Married at Oak Cottage, Richmond, Alfred Charles, third son of W. Mackenzie (sic) to Margaret, youngest daughter of the late Peter Blake C.I., County Tipperary, Ireland. (NW 24.08.78).

Married at Oak Cottage, Richmond, Alfred Charles Mackenzie (sic), third son of W. Mackenzie (sic), to Jane Margaret, youngest daughter of the late Peter Blake, County Inspector, R.I.G., Tipperary, Ireland. (NM 28.08.78)

1913.06.00      Jane Margaret McKenzie died aged 63. (R. St M., R.).

 McKenzie, Jane Margaret (born Blake) died aged 63 at Lily Dale. (RGR)

1914.12.00      Alfred Charles McKenzie of Doornkloof, Umkomaas, died aged 60. (R. St M., R.)

James Trail (17.04.1857, Richmond – 00.10.1873, Richmond)

1857.04 17      Born and baptised, Richmond. Parents William and Jean McKenzie. (R. Indaleni)

1873.10.00      Died aged 17. Father informed. (RGR)

Died aged 16. (Tomb RWC)

Isabella Christina (06.02.1859, Richmond – 19.08.1929, Durban)

1859.02.06      Born and baptised, Richmond. Parents William and Jean McKenzie. Baptised by Revd Jackson. (R. Indaleni)

1881.10.01      Isabella Christina McKenzie,22, born Richmond and Henry Nicholson, 27, born Richmond took out licence to marry. Licence taken out in Pietermaritzburg. (CSO 2287)

1881.11.17      Married at Wesleyan Chapel, Durban, Henry third son of the late J.D. Nicholson to Isabel (Teenie) youngest daughter of W. McKenzie of Richmond. (NW 18.11.81)

1921.00.00      Isabella Christina died 1921. (Tomb RGC)

1921.08.19      Nicholson, Isabel Christina, 62, died at 25 Wellington Road, Durban. Buried in Richmond. (DDD)

1934.00.00      Henry Nicholson died 1934. (Tomb RGC)

NOTES

*After a name indicates that person as the head of a family and therefore qualified for an

entry in Shelagh Spencer’s biographical register.

**The names Jane and Jean are often interchangeable in Scotland

SOURCES

Books & Directories

E.B. – Brink, Elsabé. 1899: the long march home: a little-known incident in the Anglo-Boer

War.

Cape Town: Kwela Books, 1999.

J.C. – Clark, Dr John. Natal Settler-Agent. The career of John Moreland agent for the Byrne

Emigration-scheme of 1849–51. Cape Town: Balkema, 1972.

MAH – Feilden, Eliza Whigham. My African home. Durban: Griggs, 1973. New edition.

Cemeteries

Tomb RGC – Gravestone Richmond general cemetery

Tomb RWC – Gravestone Wesleyan cemetery, Richmond

Church Registers

Marriage register, Wick Parish, Caithness

Register Indaleni. (Wesleyan)

Register St John’s, Pietermaritzburg. (Presbyterian)

Register St John’s, Pinetown. (Anglican)

Register St Mary’s, Richmond. (Anglican)

Register Wesleyans, Durban

Manuscripts

DDD – Dove’s (undertakers) register of Durban deaths

Dr Aldridge’s ledger – Medical doctor, Pietermaritzburg

Flett scrapbook no. 2

Fuller scrapbook no. 2

J.H. Diary – Jane Hartley’s diary

Moreland’s correspondence book 4

Moreland’s field diary

Moreland papers

Newspapers and Periodicals

John O’Groats Journal

NI – Natal Independent

NM – Natal Mercury

NM – Natal Witness

Personal Communication

B.D. – Dempster, Blake

S.J. – Sheryl Johnson

Shipping Lists

G. M. – George Macleroy* [Macleroy, George]

Unpublished Thesis

Dhupelia, Uma Shaskikrant. Frederick Robert Moor and native affairs in the colony of Natal 1893 to 1903. Thesis, MA (UDW), 1980.

UnpublishedOfficial Papers

1841 census return for Instak, Dunnet.

CSO – Colonial Secretary’s Office

DGRD – Durban Government Register Deaths

E.I. – European Immigration

MSC – Master of the Supreme Court

MSCE – Master of the Supreme Court Estates

NBB – Natal Blue Book

NGG – Natal Government Gazette

NPP – Natal Parliamentary Papers

RMLB – Richmond Magistrate’s Letter Book

RSC – Registrar of the Supreme Court

Compiled from Shelagh O’Byrne Spencer’s records of the British Settlers of Natal, 1824 –

1857